Sublingual route of drug administration pdf

Sublingual route of drug administration pdf
Br. J. Anaesth. (1984), 56,69 DRUG ABSORPTION BY SUBLINGUAL AND RECTAL ROUTES A. G. DE BOER, L. G. J. DE LEEDE AND D. D. BREIMER Rectal administration of drugs …
A complete medication order must include the client’s full name, the date and the time of the order, the name of the medication, the ordered dosage, and the form of the medication, the route of administration, the time or frequency of administration, and the signature of the ordering physician or licensed independent practitioner’s signature.
ORAL ROUTE Oral refers to two methods of administration: applying topically to the mouth swallowing for absorption along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract into systemic circulation po (from the Latin per os) is the abbreviation used to indicate oral route of medication administration

Although the rectal and sublingual routes are not used frequently for administration of drugs, both routes may serve as alternatives to oral and parenteral administration.
SIRS, Solari et al. have reported pharmacokinetic data of tacrolimus following sublingual dosing relative to oral drug administration in transplant patients. This innovative strategy of testing the relative bioavailability of one route over the other one, employed for tacrolimus, should be commended because it has established the human proof of
Oral administration is the drug delivery route of choice in children with the exception of neonates where the parenteral route of administration is preferred . However, there is increasing evidence of limitations associated with such enteric oral delivery in children including gastric intolerance, enzymatic degradation and first pass metabolism. A particular barrier to enteric oral delivery is
All the routes of drug administration need to be understood in terms of their implications for the effectiveness of the drug therapy and the patient’s experience of drug treatment. Routes of administration: Oral; Sublingual; Rectal; Topical; Parenteral – Intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous; Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration …
Routes of drug administration The route of administration is determined primarily – by the properties of the drug (such as water or lipid solubility, ionization, etc.) and – by the therapeutic objectives (for example, the desirability of a rapid onset of action or the need for long-term administration …
Sublingual and buccal medication administration are two different ways of giving medication by mouth. Sublingual administration involves placing a drug under your tongue to dissolve and absorb
Despite these challenges, the oral route of drug administration remains the most common. Statins are HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. HMG-CoA reductase is the rate-controlling enzyme in the biosynthesis of cholesterol in the liver.
sublingual route is approximately 35%. Following sublingual buprenorphine, the terminal half-life was Following sublingual buprenorphine, the terminal half-life was not significantly different from that calculated following the parenteral route.
Routes of Drug Administration Buccal and Sublingual (SL) Drugs given by the rectal route a most commonly given as suppository or enema. Some drugs given by this route include aspirin, theophylline, chlorpromazine and some barbiturates. Advantages: By-pass liver – Some (but not all) of the veins draining the rectum lead directly to the general circulation thus by-passing the liver

Overview on Buccal Drug Delivery Systems PharmaInfo




Routes of Drug Administration 1st Edition – Elsevier

Route of drug Administration D.Raju , M.pharm , Lecturer. PHL‐358‐PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS‐I . Objectives • Describe the pharmacokinetic implications • of various Routes of Administration • • Understand the advantages and • disadvantage of various Routes of • Administration from a PK point of view • Routes. Routes of Administration • • Enteral • –To do …
20 July 2001 Chapter 16 1 Routes of Drug Administration Objectives • Describe the pharmacokinetic implications of various Routes of Administration
stomach via sublingual administration prevents the medication from being inactivated prematurely by the low pH in the stomach. Disadvantages of the sublingual route include the requirement to


The bioequivalence study may be performed using either the buccal or sublingual route of administration. The same one route should be used for all subjects in both
The new sublingual route of administration of misoprostol demonstrated a great potential to be developed into a method of medical abortion and cervical priming. The T max of sublingual misoprostol was similar to that of oral administration.
title: medication administration – sublingual This is a controlled document for internal use only, any document appearing in paper form should be checked against the online version prior to use.


Sublingual delivery: is the administration of the drug via the sublingual mucosa (the membrane of the ventral surface of the tongue and the floor of the mouth to the
The sublingual route is especially good for nitroglycerin, which is used to relieve angina, because absorption is rapid and the drug immediately enters the bloodstream without first passing through the intestinal wall and liver. However, most drugs cannot be taken this way because they may be absorbed incompletely or erratically.
Presently, a small number of commercially available drugs use the sublingual mucosa for drug administration. These drugs are used for the emergency treatment of angina pectoris, hypertensive crises, breakthrough cancer pain, and migraine. The buccal route has been exploited for hormone replacement therapy.
route of administration. Previously, non-parenteral routes of adminis-tration of ketamine have not been favoured because of high first-pass metabolism. However, there are now reports of their use in treatment of chronic pain states.[11-13] The parenteral route of administration is also limited in its application because of the narrow therapeutic window of ketamine, and the expenses associated
It was hypothesized that sublingual administration of the drug could provide a similar effect. The objective of this study was to develop a sublingual spray delivery system of scopolamine and investigate the absolute bioavailability as well as other pharmacokinetic parameters in a rabbit model. The effect of including chitosan, a bio-adhesive material and an absorption enhancer, in the
The subcutaneous route has been for decades the traditional route of administration, but in recent years the sublingual route emerged as an actual treatment option . The main reason to introduce sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) was the safety problems with subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), which may include systemic reactions, sometimes severe and, though very rarely, even fatal [ 6 ].

Use of sublingual tacrolimus in lung transplant recipients

Routes of Drug Administration covers topics about parenteral and enteral routes of drug administration. The book discusses the anatomy and physiology of administration sites; the formulation and design of delivery systems; and other relevant aspects of biopharmaceutics.
The method in which a substance has been ingested can greatly impact the potency, duration, and overall experience of a substance. Many substances are more effective when consumed using certain routes over others and some drugs are completely inactive using certain routes of administration.
administration” must be followed: right: patient, drug, dose, route, administration, time, reason for the drug and documentation. Adverse drug reactions are to be documented and reported to a …
The sublingual route is one of the early modes of administration for systemic drug delivery. This route avoids first-pass metabolism and affords quick drug entry into the systemic circulation.
Medication Administration Tara Kavanaugh Buccal Depotprepoarni a st nje I acbt lepen amunr t I cus ar l aonr t I essou s avnenour t I s
Abstract. During the past 20 years, advances in drug formulations and innovative routes of administration have been made. Our understanding of drug transport across tissues has increased.
Drug Name Active Ingredients Strength Dosage Form/Route Marketing Status RLD TE Code Application No. Company; BUPRENORPHINE HYDROCHLORIDE AND NALOXONE HYDROCHLORIDE
Lungs – Vagina – Urethra – Colon .Topical Routes of Administration Topical administration is the application of a drug directly to the surface of the skin Includes administration of drugs to any mucous membrane .Nose .Ears .Eye .
Objective: To review the administration of antidepressant and antipsychotic medications via inhaled, intranasal, buccal, sublingual, transdermal, and rectal routes. Data Sources: A PubMed search was conducted for all data through March 31, 2015 to identify pertinent literature.
Sublingual administration can be classified into Parenteral as well, it does not enter the lower GastroIntestinal Tract, however it is placed under the tongue thus going oral. The drug diffuses into the capillary network and enters the system circulation directly. It is very rapidly absorbed, low infection risk, avoiding the rough environment of the GIT and no first-pass metabolism.

Specific immunotherapy by the sublingual route for

following oral and sublingual administration tained with the intramuscular route. It was con- It was con- were similar (20.9 6 7.7 nmol/L and 19.3 6 cluded that much of the sublingual drug may
Sublingual administration, in which a tablet or troche is allowed to dissolve completely in the oral cavity, takes advantage of the permeability of the oral epithelium and is the preferred route for a few potent lipophilic drugs, such as nitroglycerin and oxytocin, and even the commonly used oral sedative triazolam. One reason for selecting the sublingual route is to avoid drug destruction
Sublingual propranolol administration showed a better pharmacokinetic profile and this route of administra- tion may be an alternative for intravenous or oral administration.
31/08/2012 · INTRODUCTION. Oral mucosal (e.g. sub- or supralingual or buccal) administration of drugs is often the route of administration of choice when the drug shows a …
AtlernateRoutes of Medication Administration for End of Life Symptom Management LIFE -COMPARING EFFECTIVENESS, VERSATILITY, COST, AND EASE OF USE IN THE HOME SETTING Brad Macy RN, BA, BSN, CHPN. Potential Conflict of Interest Statement I am a co-founder of Hospi Corporationand the inventor of the Macy Catheter. Imay benefit financially from sales of the …
QUEENSLAND AMBULANCE SERVICE 542 Sublinqual Sublingual (SUBLING) medications are delivered under the tongue and absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth.

Scopolamine Sublingual Spray An Alternative Route of


Development of a Sublingual Oral Formulation of Ketamine



QAS Drug Management Code of Practice • All cannulae and IV lines must be flushed thoroughly with sodium chloride 0.9% following each medication administration.
Before a buccal drug delivery system can be formulated, buccal absorption/permeation studies must be conducted to determine the feasibility of this route of administration for the candidate drug. These studies involve methods that would examine in vitro and/or in vivo buccal permeation profile and absorption kinetics of the drug.
Sublingual administration of the drug means placement of the drug under the tongue and drug reaches directly in to the blood stream through the ventral surface of the tongue and floor of the mouth.
The sublingual route of administration may be attractive in order to bypass the gastrointestinal tract and avoid first pass hepatic metabolism, thus achieving adequate plasma concentra-
Medication administration via enteral feeding tubes Tom Richardson Clinical Pharmacist – The Alfred Hospital
Compared to the film-coated tablet (FCT), the original formulation for classical per os administration, the formulation of oro-dispersible tablets (ODT) for Vardenafil significantly increased the drugs bioavailability by favoring the sublingual absorption, a route acknowledged to be less affected by first-pass metabolism (Heinig et al., 2011).
While it could be argued that the sublingual administration used in this study was only an approximation of human sublingual or buccal drug administration, the results still indicate a slower pharmacodynamic effect than with either the intramuscular or intranasal route, presumably due to less efficient or rapid drug absorption.
9/12/2018 1 An Innovative Approach to Symptom Management when the Oral and Sublingual Routes Fail Use of a New Rectal Administration Catheter (Macy Catheter, Hospi Corporation)
Sublingual administration, in which a tablet or troche is allowed to dissolve completely in the oral cavity, takes advantage of the permeability of the oral epithelium and is the preferred route for a few potent lipophilic drugs, such as nitroglycerin and oxytocin, and …
Sublingual medications are often prescribed to be administered on a “PRN” / “as required” basis. Ensure correct clinical indication by carefully assessing the patient and checking medication administration orders. Double check with second clinician if indicated by facility policy. Equipment required Hand sanitiser Medication Medication cup Please visit the website for more videos and

Sublingual administration of furosemide new application


AtlernateRoutes of Medication Administration for End of

I. DRUG ADMINISTRATION Often the goal is to attain a therapeutic drug concentration in plasma from which drug enters the tissue (therapeutic window between toxic concentration and minimal effective concentration). A. Enteral Routes 1. Sublingual (buccal) Certain drugs are best given beneath the tongue or retained in the cheek pouch and are absorbed from these regions into the local circulation
The sublingual route of administration of misoprostol was chosen in all these trials because of its rapid uptake, long-lasting duration of effect and high bioavailability compared with other routes of misoprostol administration18. SUBLINGUAL MISOPROSTOL VERSUS OXYTOCIN AS FIRST-LINE TREATMENT OF PPH Two non-inferiority trials compared treatment of PPH with sublingual …
the properties of the drug after various routes of administration. These studies can help to These studies can help to discover the optimal dose and route of administration …
15/09/2007 · Furosemide is an effective diuretic, but its absorption may be too slow to allow oral treatment in certain patients. In healthy volunteers, sublingual administration is associated with a higher C max, a higher bioavailability and a more accentuated initial natriuretic response than oral furosemide
Oral administration is a route of administration where a substance is taken through the mouth. Per os (P.O.) is sometimes used as an abbreviation for medication to be taken orally.

Clinical Practice Procedures Drug administration/Sublingual

different routes of progesterone administration with reference to these diverse indications, the therapeutic objectives and patient compliance. Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome, progesterone pharmacology, luteal phase support
feasibly be administered via the sublingual route.4,9,11–13 Importantly, the risk of serious complications associated with sublingual administration of tacrolimus appears to be similar to that of oral administration.9 Although previous findings showed that sublingual administration is feasible, it has been speculated that the bioavailability may be different from oral administration
Sublingual and buccal medication administration are ways to take certain oral drugs. Learn the differences, pros, cons, and considerations for each. Learn the differences, pros, cons, and


Oral route is the most common route of drug administration. It is mostly used for the neutral drugs . It may be in the form of tablets, capsules, syrup, emulsions or powders.

Sublingual administration of alprazolam a pharmacokinetic

Route of drug Administration SRM Institute of Science

DRUG ABSORPTION BY SUBLINGUAL AND RECTAL ROUTES


Sublingual Misoprostol for the Treatment of Postpartum

Routes of administration – PsychonautWiki