Viscosity test for bitumen pdf

Viscosity test for bitumen pdf
Viscosity test 6. Flash and Fire point test 7. Float test 8. Water content test 9. Loss on heating test 23.4.1 Penetration test It measures the hardness or softness of bitumen by measuring the depth in tenths of a millimeter to which a standard loaded needle will penetrate vertically in 5 seconds. BIS had standardised the equipment and test procedure. The penetrometer consists of a needle
Designation: D 36 – 95 Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 36; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original
5 1 softener in the bitumen. In the binder course, this effect was not seen for the binders modified by 2 EVA or with a low concentration of SBS (3% by weight).
Flash and Fire point test Float test Loss on heating test Bitumen Tests- Penetration Test It measures viscosity test of bitumen hardness or softness of bitumen by measuring the depth in tenths of a millimeter to which a standard loaded needle will penetrate vertically in 5 seconds.
APEX-JCX493 Asphalt Ductility Tester. First, asphalt test, ductility test on bitumen tester introduction Asphalt ductility tester is commonly used petroleum testing equipment.The instrument is based on the PRC standard GB / T 4508 ” Asphalt Ductility test” , People’s Republic of industry standard JTG E20-2011 ” road asphalt and asphalt testing
apparent viscosity of the asphalt rubber. 5.2 fter completing the first measurement, move A the viscometer rotor away from the center of the sample can without removing it from the asphalt …
One C170 bitumen sample from Western Australia showed a durability test result that was below the Western Australian 12 month rolling average requirement of 9.5 days minimum. Two bitumen samples which were used as base materials for polymer modified binder (PMB) manufacture were tested in 2011/12. Both samples met the appropriate Northern Territory requirements for viscosity at 60 °C, …

The standard laboratory viscosity test (Brookfield Viscosity – ASTM D4402 2006) and field viscosity test (Rion “hand-held” viscometer: MB-13) were conducted on both blends of bitumen-rubber.
Apparent viscosity of unfilled asphalt is evaluated by a rotational viscometer which measures the torque generated by a calibrated spindle rotating at a selected speed into a bitumen sample heated at precise temperature in the range between ambient temperature to 260°C.
Mang Tia -5-The viscosity test measures the viscosity of an asphalt. Both the viscosity test and the penetration test measure the consistency of an asphalt at some specified temperatures and are
The viscosity of bitumen is the measure of its resistance to flow which affects workability, and resistance to deformation of the mixture. This study reviewed the bitumen modification process in
Viscosity: A lubricant’s most important characteristic Introduction For any oil lubrication system, oil viscosity is considered as the most important parameter.
the viscosity of the binders used in the study, which consequently depends on the test temperatures (in the range 100-135 o C). The viscosity of each bitumen sample with and without LCAH was measured at various test

Technical Data Sheet Viva Bitumen M500 Multigrade Bitumen

CUTTER LA (Dangerous Goods) Bituminous Products

different paving asphalt was used in each of the three 2-mile test sections, 2-miles were paved with 85/100 penetration asphalt of low temperature suscep- tibility (Group A), 2-miles were paved with 85/100 penetration of approxi-
Appendix A Standards Pertaining to Viscosity A.1 ISO Standards for Viscosity Measurement A.2 ASTM Standards for Viscosity Measurement ISO 2884 Paints and varnishes—Determination of viscosity using rotary viscometers
Designation: D 4402 – 02 Standard Test Method for Viscosity Determination of Asphalt at Elevated Temperatures Using a Rotational Viscometer1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 4402; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
For “Viscosity at 60°C”, the reference test is AS/NZS 2341.2, using the schedule of tubes and bulbs specified in AGPT/T161. (2) For “Viscosity at 135°C”, AS/NZS 2341.4 …

VISCOSITY TESTING OF ASPHALT AND EXPERIENCE WITH VISCOSITY GRADED SPECIFICATIONS A symposium presented at the Seventy-fifth … Viscosity Test Kinematic viscosity in units of centistokes (Cst) was obtained by multiplying the time in seconds (that the asphalt cement takes to flow between two timing marks on viscometer) by a calibration factor for the
Bitumen Bitumen is a thermoplastic material and its stiffness is dependent on temperature. The temperature-vs-stiffness relationship of bitumen is dependent on the source of crude oil and the

container of bitumen is kept at the standard test temperature, 25 °C, in a temperature-controlled water bath. A steel needle of specified dimensions is allowed to bear on the surface of the bitumen for 5 seconds under a load of 100 g ( British Standards Institution, 1974). The distance that the needle penetrates, in tenths of a millimetre (dmm), is the penetration measurement. Specifications
BITUMEN GRADING SYSTEM – FROM PENETRATION GRADING TO VISCOSITY GRADING – A STEP TOWARDS BETTER QUALITY CONTROL. Rajib Chattaraj* ABSTRACT Bitumen is used as the binding material in highways and airfields most extensively in India and also in the rest part of the world.
Test on residue from thin film oven test/RTFOT 1. Viscosity ratio at 60°C, Max 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 2. Ductility at 25°C, cm, Min, after thin film oven test 75 50 40 25 Australian viscosity specification The fundamental property in Australian specification is: Viscosity at 60C and 135C Density at 15C Viscosity at 60C post RTFOT Product range. 14 BITUMEN Classification of bitumen for pavements
To simulate field aging in laboratory, different types of test may be used, including conduction of accelerated aging on bituminous binders, loose asphalt mixture, or on compacted asphalt specimen.
C.D. AIREY Mw8a-W. .c FIGURE I Bitumen test data chart comparing different penetration grade bitumens [after Heukelorn. 19691 One aspect that can be significantly affected by the
1. Scope. 1.1 This test method covers procedures for the determination of kinematic viscosity of liquid asphalts (bitumens), road oils and distillation residues of liquid asphalts (bitumens) all at 60 ° C [140 ° F] and of asphalt cements at 135 ° C [275 ° F] (Note 1) in the range from 6 to 100 000 mm 2 /s [cSt].
This Specification is essentially based on viscosity with a view to optimising temperature performance and assumes a proper design of end product asphalt and sprayed seal. This Specification does not

Appendix A Standards Pertaining to Viscosity CERN

The viscosity of bitumen is the measure of its resistance to flow which affects workability, and resistance to deformation of the mixture. This study reviewed the bitumen modification process in relation to warm mix
Laboratory Assessment of Highways Asphalt Bitumen in Southwest of Nigeria I. Akiije and V. A. Moyinwin Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria Corresponding Author: I. Akiije _____ Abstract This paper reports laboratory tests conducted while evaluating some properties of bitumen used in the production of hot mixed-hot laid asphalt of three
penetration and viscosity grading systems do) but specifies that a particular asphalt binder must pass these tests at specific temperatures that are dependent …
TEST METHODS FOR BITUMEN-RUBBER USED IN SEALS SABITA Manual 3 Revised Edition 1992 ISBN 0 620114525 Published by the SA Bitumen and Tar Association P a Box 6946 Roggebaai 8012 First published in 1988 SOUTHERN AFRICAN BITUMEN AND TAR ASSOCIATION . Preface to first edition The Technical Committee on Bitumen-Rubber, founded in May 1983 under the chairmanship of the Southern African Bitumen …
PDF The effect of commercial additive Sasobit wax (S) on the viscosity characteristics of bitumen 60/70-penetration grade is yet to be fully understood. The viscosity of bitumen is the measure
3. US VISCOSITY GRADING . A viscosity graded specification was developed in the early 1960s to replace the empirical penetration test as the key bitumen characterisation property, and to measure consistency at 60°C rather than
be a specification test worth careful consideration. 2 . IV. RECOMMENDATIONS It is recommended that: 1. The Highway Laboratories at Austin be equipped with and personnel trained to operate the capillary tube type of viscometer in order that they may be in a position to evaluate asphalt cements at 140° F and 275° Fin terms of kinematic viscosities. 2. The viscosity requirement at 275° F for
Recovery of Bituminous Binder from Asphalt for Measurement of Viscosity RC 212.01 RC 212.01 June 2013 Version: 1 Page 1 of 3 1. Scope This procedure is used to recover the bituminous binder from asphalt or surface dressings made with unmodified road-making grade bitumen and to prepare a sample of the binder for measurement of its viscosity as described in AS 2341.5 – Determination of apparent
A Thin-film oven test may be used but the rolling thin-film oven test shall be the referee method. B If ductility is less than 100, material will be accepted if ductility at …

Evaluation of Bitumen-Rubber Asphalt Manufactured from

3.4 Viscosity test on bitumen The viscosity test is carried out on the collected conventional bitumen sample. The results are as follows: Table 5: Viscosity of conventional bitumen Sampl e No. Orifice Size (mm) Test Temperature ( C ) Viscosity (sec) 1. 10 …
Viscosity is the inverse of fluidity. The degree of fluidity at the application temperature greatly influences the ability of bituminous material to spread, penetrate into voids and also coat the aggregate and hence affect the strength and characteristics of resulting paving mixes. At high fluidity
Bitumen Penetration Grade 80/100 is a standard penetration grade Bitumen usually used as a Paving Grade Bitumen suitable for road construction and for the production of asphalt …
EMULSION BASICS Midwestern Pavement Preservation Partnership Adam Redman Heritage Research Group October 28, 2010 Des Moines, Iowa. OVERVIEW Testing Description History Storage and Handling Production Classifications Composition Performance. HISTORY OF ASPHALT EMULSIONS • First developed in the 1900’s • In the 20’s asphalt emulsions came into general use for paving …
The viscosity of bitumen is expressed in seconds is the time required for the 50 ml bitumen sample to pass through the orifice of a cup, under standard conditions of test and at specified temperature.
Emulsified Asphalt new proposed viscosity method Background and previous work on rotational viscosity method at different shear rate (2001-2004)
HHPPP BBIITTTUUUMMMEEEN NN HHHAAANNDDDBBBOOOOOKKK Viscosity grades Bitumen are categorized according to Viscosity (degree of fluidity) grading. The higher the grade, the stiffer the Bitumen. In Viscosity Grade, Viscosity tests are conducted at 60 deg. C and 135 deg. C, which represents the temperature of road surface during summer and mixing temperature respectively. The …
Viscosity grades; Penetration grades; Density grades; SCOPE & SIGNIFICANCE The penetration test is used as a measure of consistency. Higher values of penetration indicate softer consistency. The test is widely used all over the world for classifying bituminous materials into different grades. Depending upon the climatic conditions and type of construction, bitumen of different penetration

Kinematic viscometers Bitumen testing equipment Controls

Bitumen Tests Asphalt Viscosity Scribd

Highlights Low Shear Viscosity (LSV) tests conducted at Equi-viscous Temperature (EVT). LSV characterisation and rheologic modelling suitable for pen grade bitumens. Damping factor characterises elastomer modified bitumen better than LSV.
the Bitumen Test Data Chart (fig 1) where M500 can be seen to have a flatter slope than conventional bitumen. The temperature susceptibility is a measure of the rheology of the product and is illustrated in the Bitumen Test Data Chart
Department Saybolt Viscosity Test Highways and Bridges Engineering Branch Working Sheet University of Technology Saybolt Building and Construction Viscosity Test Engineering Department Test Highways and Bridges According to: No.99 Asphalt Laboratory Grade of Bitumen : …
The higher the grade, stiffer the bitumen. In viscosity grade viscosity test are conducted at 60 C and 135 C which represents the temperature of road surface during summer and mixing temperature respectively. As per the specifications there are four grades VG-10, VG-20, VG-30, and VG-40. The paper reviews the penetration grading system and viscosity grading system with their respective
penetration, ring & ball softening point and viscosity test. The results were then related to the changes in the rheological properties of polymer modified bitumen. It was observed that thermoplastic copolymer shows profound effect on penetration rather than softening point. The viscoelastic behavior of polymer modified bitumen depend on the concentration of polymer, mixing temperature, mixing

Relationship of Paving Asphalt Temperature Susceptibility


The viscosity expressed in seconds is the time taken by the 50 ml bitumen material to pass through the orifice of a cup, under standard test conditions and specified temperature. Viscosity of a cutback can be measured with either 4.0 mm orifice at 25 C or 10 mm orifice at 25 or 40 C.
Viscosity test of bitumen 1. VISCOSITY TEST FOR BITUMEN PRESENTED BY:AMRIT PANDIT ACEM/069/A/005 KATHMANDU, NEPAL 2. Objective • To become familiar with the term viscosity, its influence and effects, its techniques and application in the field of engineering especially for design of the road pavements.
6. Viscosity Test INTRODUCTION: Viscosity is defined as inverse of fluidity. It is the fluid property of bituminous material. The degree of fluidity at the application
A bitumen industry meeting hosted by the NZTA on 15 October 2009 agreed to move the M1 bitumen durability test requirement up to 120 MPa for both 40-50 and 60- 70.
bitumen grade 60/70 specification test method specific gravity @25/25 c 1.01-1.06 d-70 penetration @25 c 60/70 d-5 softening point c 49/56 d-36
Bitumen Tests – Download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online. highway engineering lab test.
viscosity) of the bitumen to establish proper mixing and compaction temperatures for asphalt mixtures. The properties than the viscosity test, which is performed at 60° C. Shear rate is variable and high during the test. Since asphalt binders typically behave as a non-Newtonian fluid at 25° C, this will affect test results. Temperature susceptibility (the change in asphalt binder
Cannon-Fenske opaque viscometers Used for the determination of kinematic viscosity of liquid asphalts (bitumens) and road oils at 60°C and distillation residue of liquid asphalts and asphalt cements at 135°C.


Viva Bitumen M1000 bitumen has a higher penetration index than conventional paving grade binders meaning that for a unit change in temperature there less change in viscosity…
10.6 Viscosity Test of Bitumen 10.6.1 Introduction Viscosity is reverse of fluidity. It is a measure of the resistance to flow. Higher the viscosity of liquid bitumen, the more nearly it approaches a semi-solid state in consistency. Thick liquid is said to be more viscous than a thin liquid of the road pavement. The bitumen binders of low viscosity, simply lubricate the aggregate particles
bitumen at 7 to 8%, but compatibility is a problem . in all but the softest bitumens and viscosity can be too high for a workable mix at conventional temperatures. Kraton™ D0243 polymer gives exceptional compatibility and low viscosity, which helps eliminate this problem. HiMA is a tool that can be used to solve a variety of . probelms in asphat pl avements. It gvies a combni aoti n of
BITUMEN (VISCOSITY GRADES) TEST BIS METHOD SPECIFICATION VG10 VG20 VG30 VG40 Absolute Viscosity at 60°C, Poises 1206 (Part 2) Min. 800 Min. 1600 Min. 2400 Min. 3200
1999 Oils for reducing the viscosity of residual bitumen for pavements does not necessarily reflect products that are available in the market. This advisory note is intended to provide guidance to purchasers of the properties of cutters that are currently in use and that have provided acceptable performance. Property Test Method Cutter Oil1 High Flash Point Cutter Flux Oil3 Appearance Visual
solvents produced especially for temporarily reducing the viscosity of road grade bitumen. FLUX OIL- Bituminous Products bitumen flux oil is a higher boiling point fraction than cutters and will impart long term reduction in viscosity of road grade bitumen. CUTTER LA (Dangerous Goods) Bituminous Products Cutter LA is a clear, refined petroleum based hydrocarbon solvent. It is used as a cutter

Basic Asphalt Materials Mixture Design and Testing

Standard Test Method for Viscosity Determination of

Cutter Oils for the Reduction in Viscosity of Bitumen Binders

Pavement materials Bitumen IIT Bombay

Test Method RC 212.01 Recovery of Bituminous Binder from